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What are Exosomes?

What are Exosomes?

When we personalize your treatment plan to achieve your goals, we consider a varietyof tissue types. Sometimes we recommend the use of “exosomes.” Increasing numbersof patients are familiar with stem cells, but exosomes are a new consideration. What are they? Exosomes are the microscopic “bags” of chemicals made by stem cells. Exosomes are the way that stem cells deliver all those beneficial chemicals. Stem cells vary in size depending on their activity and how they are measured, but are roughly 30 micrometers (microns) in diameter. Exosomes are roughly 30 nanometers in diameter,
about 1/1000 th the diameter of a stem cell. Stem cells move about and, because stem cells are attracted to the chemicals released by injured tissue, stem cells go to the sites on greatest injury. Because of their much smaller size, exosomes have an advantage in spreading through tissues and crossing the “blood-brain barrier.”

How does Vibrant use Exosomes?
Depending on your particular situation, exosomes may or may not be needed. If needed, exosomes can be used alone or in combination with stem cells. In cases where we prefer the tissue to stay where it is injected rather than spreading far and wide we may use “scaffolding” to “hold” the tissue in place. Such “scaffolding” may include PRP (platelet-rich plasma) or Wharton’s Jelly (the “goo” inside the umbilical cord).


How Long does it Take Exosomes to Work?
Because of the huge variety of chemicals within exosomes, there is a matching variety of processes “kick-started” by those different chemicals. Some process are rapid in onset and some take even months to peak. For example, the anti-inflammatory chemicals work immediately. Other chemicals ramp-up production of new cells and tissues, taking months for peak benefit.


What are all Those Chemicals in Exosomes?
In closing, it is worth considering the immense variety of metabolic processes and pathways affected by these important chemicals:

Author
Edgar Suter, MD Edgar Suter, MD Edgar Suter, MD, is the Medical Director and Quality Assurance Officer at Vibrant Health Care, a premier regenerative medicine practice in Scottsdale, Arizona. Dr. Suter has exceptional knowledge and expertise in medicine, with years of experience in primary care, emergency medicine, nuclear medicine, radiology, and neuroscience. Dr. Suter completed his undergraduate education at Santa Clara University in Santa Clara, California. He obtained his medical degree from the University of California School of Medicine in Davis, California, and Creighton University School of Medicine in Omaha, Nebraska. Dr. Suter also studied neurological disorders at the University of California Los Angeles Brain Research Institute. He has over 35 years of experience in medicine, making Dr. Suter one of the most well-rounded, qualified regenerative medicine physicians. He and his Vibrant Health Care team bring cutting-edge technology, advanced treatments, and minimally invasive therapies to patients.

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